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Historical Figures

February 14th is Frederick Douglass’ birthday. This packet of lesson plans contains material for learners in grades K-12. The biographical information, discussions, questions, and activities contained within engage students in meaningful learning opportunities that focus on the significance of of this important historical figure. His messages, character strengths, and notable achievements are recognized by FAIR as epitomizing the pro-human movement.


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Stories of Heroism and Hope

Norwalk is a small city built along a harbor on the Connecticut shore of Long Island Sound. In some ways it is unique, but in others it clearly shows the power and possibility of the American promise.

An interactive lesson exploring the fact that every person has both a unique story and a shared human story. 

This lesson is an introduction to understanding the role stories play in our lives and how stories have the power to connect human beings. Subsequent lessons will draw on this lesson.

Film is perhaps the most powerful way to tell a story. Early film-making in America was especially difficult as producers had to be cognizant of mass appeal and avoid themes that could be considered controversial or unpopular.

This lesson explores the ways that about 6 million African Americans living in the American South left to live in other parts of American to escape racism and prosecution, and pursue opportunity.

This lesson explores the limited information known about the life of Crispus Attucks, a former slave and sailor who is credited as being the first person killed in contributing events leading to the Revolutionary War, the Boston Massacre. 

Movements for Freedom and Justice

From the mid-1400s to the late 1800s, some 12 million Africans were seized and taken to the Americas. The Atlantic system linked African societies, Europe and the Americas in a vast trading network. Because so much is known about it, its horrors have been described in vivid and appalling detail.

Did the American Revolution shamefully ignore slavery? Or did it put slavery, as some have said, “on the road to extinction”? The materials for this lesson will help you think about, discuss, and debate this question. 

Some say the Atlantic slave trading system was the worst of all. Was
it? This question is not easy to answer, because many varieties of slavery have existed all over the world. The materials for this lesson will help you think about, discuss and debate this question.

Throughout the evolution of American civil rights, American Jews have served as allies of African Americans. As two groups which had experienced oppression, discrimination, and marginalization, the alliance between American Jews and African Americans was a natural one. 

In this lesson, students will become conversant in how civilization has overcome tribalism, the essential qualities of the Enlightenment, the basic ideas of John Locke, and the essential promises of the Declaration of Independence.

We Hold These Truths

In this lesson, students will increase their understanding of the Declaration of Independence and its relationship to the problem of slavery.

America is a collection of stories that are intertwined through a unique DNA. This DNA
represents over four centuries of diverse peoples living together and building a society different
from any other in human history. In this lesson, students will learn about the foundations of law that prohibited interracial marriage and the risks involved in violating miscegenation laws.

Character Strengths and Civic Virtues

In this lesson, students will learn about character strengths and positive psychology.

This lesson deepens students’ understanding of diverse ways of thinking and being in the world. In particular, it will ask students to explore moral courage and its role in the lives of historical figures and (ultimately) each student’s life

This lesson asks students to think deeply about what it means to “defeat injustice, not people.” 

This lesson explores further the question, “What does it mean to defeat injustice, not people?” and ask students to think about the different ways one may approach the question.

In this lesson, students will learn to be conversant in the evolutionary origins of competition, cooperation, morality, tribalism, and learn the differences between zero-sum and synergistic forms of social interaction.

In this lesson, students will learn what gratitude is, how to recognize its basic forms, how to practice gratitude, and how it contributes to well-being and thriving.